Proscenium Office Building and Parking Deck
The Proscenium is a 24-story, 540,000-square-foot
Class A office building located at the corner of 14th
and Peachtree Streets in the Midtown section of Atlanta.
Trammel Crow, the building’s developer, sought a design
that was "state of the art—at the lowest possible cost."
This directive and the building’s urban site were the stimuli for a creative design in reinforced
concrete that yielded a unique structure, including the signature spire at the top of the building.
Adjacent to the building is a 10-story, 325,000-square-foot precast parking structure.
It was determined early in the developmental stage that approximately $250,000 could be
saved if the building’s floor-to-floor height was 12 ft-6in. rather than 13 ft-0 in. that is customary
in the Atlanta market. This savings would result from reducing the lengths of the vertical
elements of the building, most notably the facade. In order to accomplish this, the structural
depth of the floor system could be no more than 16 in., which was a challenge for the
structural engineers, since there was a desire for a 43-ft clear span from the building’s
service core to the exterior wall.
Typical bays in the buildings are 30 ft by 43 ft. In the 30 ft direction, 14-in. by 16-in. posttensioned
"junior beams," spaced at approximately 14 ft on center, are utilized. This relatively
large spacing was provided in order to minimize the amount of floor area affected by posttensioning
so that future openings in the floor could be easily accommodated. It also resulted
in cost savings by maximizing the span of the 5-in. slab, which is the minimum thickness prescribed
by Code for fire resistance, and by minimizing the number of members and amount
of side formwork. The post-tensioned members in the 43-foot direction are also 16 in. deep
and range in width from 36 in. to 42 in. At some of the columns, it was necessary to provide
tapered haunches for stress and/or deflection. These haunches project at most 10 ft out from
the column centerline and 14 in. below the bottom of the beam; utilizing the haunches did
not increase the floor-to-floor height and did not interfere with any of the utilities.
The haunches had the added benefit of stiffening the frame for lateral load resistance. As a
result, it was possible to eliminate shear walls for all but the lowest three floors, which is
unusual for a 24-story building. This resulted in a considerable reduction in the cost of the
building’s frame, which is approximately $12 per square foot. Had shear walls been provided
for the full height of the building, overturning due to lateral loads would have resulted in net
tension at the base. The dual shearwall/frame system that was used resulted in a more
efficient distribution of the building’s lateral forces, eliminating the uplift problem.
The concrete strength is 5,000 psi for the floor members and ranges from 10,000 psi at
the base of the building to 5,000 psi at the upper levels for the columns and walls.
Concrete framing for this office building and parking structure resulted in considerable
savings for the owner. Additionally, building tenants are pleased due to the lower build-out
costs attributed to the reduced height of vertical elements in their spaces.
Trammell Crow Co.,
Stainback & Associates,
Uzun & Case Engineers,