Conventionally reinforced (non-prestressed) concrete tanks have been used extensively in municipal and industrial facilities for several decades. The design of these structures requires that attention be given not only to strength requirements, but to serviceability requirements as well. A properly designed tank must be able to withstand the applied loads without cracks that could cause leakage. The goal of designing and constructing a structurally sound tank that will not leak is achieved by providing the proper amount and distribution of reinforcement, the proper spacing and detailing of construction joints, and the use of quality concrete, placed using proper construction practices.
A thorough review of the latest report by ACI Committee 350 entitled Environmental Engineering Concrete Structures is essential in understanding the design of tanks. The document is based on the structural design provision that conform to Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318). Therefore, a working knowledge of ACI 318 is also necessary.
Concrete Tank Resources
Rectangular Concrete Tanks (IS003) Item Not Available
The latest in analysis and design for rectangular tanks. This recent edition contains vastly expanded design tables.
Circular Concrete Tanks Without Prestressing (IS072)
Presents analysis methods for circular tanks containing fluids. Tables of coefficients are provided for bending moments and ring tensions due to various loading conditions.
Design of Liquid-Containing Concrete Structures for Earthquake Forces (EB219)
This publication contains comprehensive information on the design and detailing requirements for concrete tanks subjected to earthquake forces. The earthquake forces are computed in accordance with a variety of codes, including the 2000 International Building Code. Requirements of ACI 350.3/ 350.3R-01 Seismic Design of Liquid-Containing Concrete Structures and Commentary are also explained and illustrated with worked-out design examples for rectangular and circular tanks.
Underground Concrete Tanks (IS071) Item Not Available
This publication provides general guidelines for design of underground tanks. Also included are the typical reinforcing details for circular and rectangular concrete tanks which can be useful for making preliminary estimates and drawing final plans. (Free PDF download)
Small Concrete Gravity Retaining Walls (IS222) Item Not Available
Gives basic information and sample designs for walls of varying heights with different backfill types. Based on practical design theory and soil data. Shows construction procedures and details. (Free PDF download)
Design of Circular Domes (IS076) Item Not AvailablePresents formulas, and their derivations, for the analysis of circular domes. Design equations allow the determination of bending moments and forces for various loading conditions. Fully worked out examples illustrate the use of the equations.
Effects of Substances on Concrete and Guide to Protective Treatments (IS001)
Improve concrete's durability by knowing what chemicals attack it and what you can do to protect it. Nearly 250 substances (salts, acids, etc.) are listed along with recommended protective treatments and manufacturers of those products.
Code Requirements for Environmental Engineering Concrete Structures and Commentary (ACI 350-06) (LT182)
This document covers the structural design, material selection and construction of environmental engineering concrete structures. Such structures are used for conveying, storing or treating liquid, wastewater, and solid waste. They include ancillary structures for dams, spillways and channels. These structures are subject to uniquely different loading, more severe exposure conditions and more restrictive serviceability requirements than normal building structures. Published by ACI.
Tightness Testing of Environmental Engineering Concrete Structures and Commentary (ACI 350.1R-01) (LT186) Item Not Available
Master the methods and criteria for tightness testing of environmental engineering concrete structures. This document is applicable to liquid and gas containment structures constructed with concrete or a combination of concrete and other materials. It includes hydrostatic, surcharged hydrostatic, and pneumatic tests. Published by ACI.
Seismic Design of Liquid-Containing Concrete Structures and Commentary (ACI 350.3-06) (LT187) No Item Found
This standard is a guide to the requirement of ACI 350 code. It prescribes procedures for the seismic analysis of liquid-containing concrete structures. These procedures address the "loading side" of seismic design and shall be used in accordance with ACI 350, Section 1.1.8 and Chapter 21. Published by ACI.
Concrete Manure Storages Handbook (LT216) Item Not Available
Includes design criteria, reinforcing selection and construction details for liquid manure storages. The information is intended primarily for designers and builders, but is also useful to owners and users.
Electronic images of tanks for use in publications or presentations.
Codes and Standards TH-Bldgs_Design_Codes&Stand
Concrete Tanks TH-Bldgs-Design_Concrete Tanks
Designing for Security TH-Bldgs-Design_DesignSecur
Emerging Trends TH-Bldgs-Design-Emerging Trends (2)
Insulated Concrete Forms TH-Bldgs_Design_ICF Buildings
Masonry Buildings FC-Bldgs-Masonry Bldgs
Mass Concrete TH-Bldgs_Design_Mass Concrete
Novice Engineers Series TH-Bldgs_Design_Novice Engineering Series
Post-Tensioned Concrete TH-Bldgs_Design_Posttensioned Con
Precast/Prestressed Concrete TH-Bldgs-Design_Precast Concrete
Reinforced Concrete TH-Bldgs-Design-Reinfrcd
Seismic Design TH-Bldgs-Design_Seismic Des
Sustainable Design TH-Bldgs-Design_SustDesign
Tilt-Up Concrete TH-Bldgs_Design_Tilt-Up Concrete
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