Concrete’s versatility, durability, and economy have made it the world’s most used construction material. The U.S. uses about 260 million cubic yards of ready-mixed concrete each year. It is used in highways, streets, parking lots, parking garages, bridges, high-rise buildings, dams, homes, floors, sidewalks, driveways, and numerous other applications.
Architectural and Decorative Concrete:
This section highlights design possibilities and discusses considerations for selecting color and texture for architectural and decorative concrete.
Autoclaved Cellular Concrete
or ACC, was invented in Sweden in the early 1900s. The lightweight, high-strength building material now used on every continent.
have gained acceptance in just about every level of residential application, from moderately priced homes to high-end palaces. Concrete Masonry
has undergone significant change within the last decade, becoming a more cost-effective, energy-efficient building product than ever. Concrete Pavement:
This section describes the four types of concrete pavements and details the preparation, placement, and curing of concrete pavements. Concrete Pipe
provides water for people and farmlands or carries away sewage and drains land.
Controlled Low-Strength Material
is a cement-based product often used as a backfill.
are becoming increasingly attractive for home and facility owners. High-Strength Concrete:
In the last two decades concrete has gotten stronger and better for high-rise construction. Insulating Concrete Forms:
These builder-friendly wall systems have recently made a mark on the housing industry of North America. Precast Concrete became more common after World War II.
Patented in San Francisco in 1886, prestressed concrete made its impact on the United States construction industry almost 75 years later. Ready-Mixed Concrete accounts for nearly three-fourths of all concrete used annually. Roller-Compacted Concrete: Initially developed for use by the forestry industry in Canada, roller-compacted concrete is a durable paving and dam material that is placed using asphalt construction equipment. Shotcrete
is a mortar or concrete that is dispensed from a hose onto a surface at a high velocity. Soil-Cement:
Developed in 1935, this product is often used as a paving base, mixing cement with compacted soil. Tilt-Up Concrete
: a construction method where walls are cast in a horizontal position and then tilted into a vertical position and moved into place with a mobile crane.