Collapse avoidance is preparing for disaster situations in advance to keep operations, structures, or systems from failing. It is the st/pbr />

“Design of structure to effectively resist short and long term impacts of anticipated structural loads including code recognized live and dead loading as well as extraordinary loading caused by pressure (explosion, wind induced localized overpressures from tornado or hurricane), impact (wind or water borne debris or vehicle collision), and excessive static loads (water or debris collecting on the structure).”  (Source: Paraphrased from Section 1.2.2 of Department of Housing and Urban Development “The Avoidance of Progressive Collapse, Regulatory Approaches to the Problem” October 1975 E. F. P. Burnett  (HUD-050055)